In the Supreme Court of Nigeria
On Friday, the 23rd day of March 2012
Before their Lordships
Walter Samuel Nkanu Onnoghen
Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad
Olufunlola Oyelola Adekeye
Bode Rhodes-Vivour
Mary Ukaego Perter-Odili


Justice Supreme Court
Justice Supreme Court
Justice Supreme Court
Justice Supreme Court
Justice Supreme Court


Chukwudi Ugwanyi



Federal Republic of Nigeria



Judgment of the Court
Delivered by
Bode RhodesVivour. JSC
The appellant was charged and arraigned on a one count charge which reads:
That you Chukwudi Ugwanyi (M) 50 years of age, of No 4 Arowojobe Street, Onigbongbo Maryland, Lagos on or about
the 17th November 2000 at Bodinga along Sokoto-Yauri Road, Sokoto within the jurisdiction of this Honourable Court,
and without lawful authority had in your possession 26 kilograms of Indian Hemp otherwise known as cannabis sativa, a
narcotic drug similar to Cocaine and Heroin and thereby committed an offence contrary to and punishable under section
10H of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (Amendment) Act No 15 of 1992.
Hobon, J of the Federal High Court, Sokoto Division presided. The appellant entered a not guilty plea. Two witnesses testified
for the prosecution. Both of them are officers from the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA). The prosecution
tendered in court the following items, which were admitted as Exhibits:

Certificate of testing analysis


Packing of substance Forms


Request for scientific aid

D1 - D12

Twelve wrapped Sellotaped bundles recovered from the appellant.


Drug analysis Report dated 4/1/2005


Transparent evidence pouch with substances feature and descriptions of the accused and the case. (ie what
exhibit E contained).

F1 - 3.

Certificate of conviction in Niger Republic together with attachments.

Evidence was led by the prosecution witnesses to show how the appellant was arrested with 26 Kilograms of Indian hemp. At
the close of the prosecution case the appellant gave evidence as DW1. He did not call any witness or tender any document.
In a judgment delivered on the 21st day of June 2005 the learned trial judge concluded as follows:
“Consequently the prosecution has proved the case of possession of Indian hemp beyond reasonable doubt against the
accused person and the accused person failed to rebut and bring himself within the defences or exceptions allowed under
the law creating the offence. I therefore accept the evidence of the prosecution and hereby find the accused person guilty
of the offence charged …..”

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